Diabetic Dog Food & Care 101 [FULL GUIDE]4 min read

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Cause of Diabetes in Dogs

There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

  • Type 1 diabetes means that there is a lack of insulin production. Type 1 diabetes is not caused by diet, although diet helps manage it.
  • Type 2 diabetes means that insulin production has been impaired. Some diabetic dogs have type 2 diabetes that is caused by lifestyle (obesity and eating too many carbohydrates).

Dogs Prone to Diabetes

Dogs with certain characteristics or genetics are prone to be at risk for diabetes including:

  • Middle to senior aged dogs (5 years or older)
  • Unspayed, female dogs
  • Obese dogs
  • Dogs using steroid medications for a long time

Dog Breeds Prone to Diabetes

Diabetes may have a genetic component. Breeds mixed with any of the following may still be at a higher risk of getting diabetes as compared to others. These dog breeds are more prone to diabetes:

  • Poodles
  •  Pugs
  •  Samoyeds
  • Australian and fox terriers
  • Beagles
  • Boxer
  • German Shepherds

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Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs

Dogs with diabetes may show a variety of symptoms. A few are early signs of diabetes including excessive thirst and increased urination. The symptoms of diabetes in dogs may be subtle, but with a bit of attention they can be noted and identified.

Dogs that have diabetes may show the following symptoms:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Lack of energy
  • Vomiting
  • Thinning or dull fur
  • Cataracts or cloudy eyes
  • Weakness or fatigue

If you suspect that your dog suffers from diabetes, please take them to visit your vet for a blood test to measure their blood glucose level. Ignoring a dog’s diabetes could lead to cataracts, seizures, kidney failure, or urinary tract infections.

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Preventing and Treating Diabetes in Dogs

  1. Diet

Modify your dog’s diet and give your dog diabetic dog food with the recommend protein and carbohydrate balance needed for diabetic dogs, or a brand prescribed by the vet. An improved dog diet that includes carrots, green beans, or parsley is a great way to offer your dog the nutrition and fiber they need, without splurging.


  • Simple sugars that will raise your dog’s blood sugar:
    • White bread
    • White rice
    • Table scraps
    • Excessive amounts of fruit
  • “Diabetic dog treats” that have poor ingredients like:
    • Corn syrup
    • Molasses
    • Oats
    • Barley
  • Feeding your dog at random times in the day
    • 2-3 meals a day maintains a steady blood sugar
  1. Exercise

Exercise keeps your dog fit, lowers their blood glucose levels, and may help reduce your dog’s weight in the case of being overweight. It is important for dog owners to monitor their dogs’ blood glucose in order to create the best routine for their dog’s needs.

  1. Insulin Injections

Diabetic dogs need insulin injections one to two times a day. Your vet will prescribe the insulin type for your dog, and teach you how to inject the insulin under the skin.

  1. Routine!

Creating a routine for your diabetic dog is important. Giving them their insulin shots at the same times each day, exercising at the same time each day, and giving your dog their food each day is important for keeping your dog healthy. Structure and routine helps your dog’s body run as well as it can.

Recommended: Diabetic Dog Treats

  1. The Old Dog Cookie Company – All Natural Diabetic Dog Treats
  • 4.5 Star Rating
  • $20.98 for 10 ounces of dog treats
  • Ingredients: Stone ground whole wheat flour, rolled oats, apples, honey, alfalfa, kelp, brewers yeast, raspberry leaf, vinegar, water.

We have been servicing diabetic dogs for 20 yrs and sell our products to many vets. Contains ingredients known to reduce blood sugar, slow the rate of metabolism and help manage insulin requirements better.

  1. Paw to Tail – Dog Jerky Treats
    • 4 Star Rating
    • $20.00 for 8 ounces of dog treats
    • Ingredients: Antibiotic free, USDA human grade, US source Chicken Breast
  1. Ella’s Diabetic Dog Treats – Chicken Treats

These dog treats are gluten free, soy free, no corn, no rice, no colors, no salt, no additives, no hormones and no by-products.

Dog Weight Loss - Dog Food Bowl

Recommended: Diabetic Dog Food

  1. Royal Canin Glycobalance – Dry Dog Food
    • 4 Star Rating
    • $69.96 for 7.7 pounds of dog food

Balanced fiber blend to moderate your pet’s glycemic response and reduce the symptoms of fiber-responsive conditions.

  1. Hill’s Prescription Diet Canine Low Fat Canned Food and Dry Food

    • Canned: 3.5 Star Rating
    • $56.88 for twelve 13oz. cans
    • Dry: 3 Star Rating
    • $59.47 for 8.5 pounds

Hill’s dog food is formulated with extra carnitine and protein to increase your canine’s metabolism stabilizes blood glucose in diabetic dogs, and contains extra fiber to promote feelings of fullness.

Discover the right diabetic dog food for your pup today!

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One thought on “Diabetic Dog Food & Care 101 [FULL GUIDE]4 min read

  1. I have a puppy Japanese chin 18 mos. I have tried so many different dry dog foods and she will not eat it. If I mix it with rice,chip meat or chicken and flavor it with bacon, she will eat i,but i want her to get the nutrition she needs. Any suggesti

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